Chilblains are lesions that occur on the foot that are more common in the cooler climates. Understanding the reason for any disorder will go some distance to help understanding what is occurring with them, how to prevent them and the ways to take care of them. This is really true of chilblains. Since they just occurs in chilly climates, they may not be actually due to the actual cold. Many people who do not have them get cold as well and they do not have chilblains. Likewise, some individuals develop chilblains with even little changes in temperature and it not too chilly. Because of this there is a lot more going on than simply the cold that typically gets held responsible for resulting in chilblains.
Within the skin there are a lot of little arteries (the microcirculation) that will help control temperature in your body. When we become chilly, those arteries shrink in order to save heat deeper in your body. When we are warm, those capillaries open and convey the blood nearer to the surface in order that you can dissipate heat to cool your body. This is an important normal functionality. In a chilblain the arteries constrict like they normally should, however when the feet are warmed, the capillaries continue to be closed when they should not be. Because of this harmful toxins start to accumulate in the skin and there's no blood flow to eliminate them. This leads to an inflammatory reaction and the release of chemicals making the chilblain painful and itchy. Sooner or later the arteries will open up and the quick rush of blood to the area brings about further tenderness as well as pain. The initial look is usually a darkish bluish lesion, but that may be a reddish appearance after that rush of blood. If the pathology is recurring on a daily basis, then they may become quite a chronic lesion.
Just why in certain people the blood vessels stay constricted longer in cooler climates in not known. Chilblains are certainly more prevalent in females, suggesting that there could be some kind of hormone imbalances influence on the process. Nevertheless, males do can also get chilblains, so if it is hormonal linked, then that is not the only issue. Astonishingly for a thing that can be so widespread, there is comparatively little research been done to attempt to look into chilblains in greater depth.
Applying this understanding of what causes it might help people avoid and treat chilblains. Obviously the first thing to do will not be let the feet get cold whilst keeping them warm. If they do become cool, then it's vital that they are warmed up really gradually so that the microcirculation to get a chance to respond to the increased demand in the tissues and the arteries may open up to fulfill that demand. This means that the waste material don't build up and the inflammation process is not commenced. After that pathology does start, then the treatment process has to go on to minimize that inflammation process and help remove those harmful toxins that have accumulated in the skin.