Health and Fitness

What are the causes of fat pad atrophy under the foot?

Under the bottom of the rearfoot is a fat pad that normally cushions us and guards the heel as we walk. When walking, there exists a pressure equal to about 2.5 times body weight on the heel during heel strike, so it should really be no surprise that we require that fat pad. Not having that fat pad there would be very poor shock reducing and this may lead to a number of disorders due to that inadequate shock absorption. The most common is just pain beneath the heel bone. The pain sensation will mostly be present on weightbearing instead of so much on touching it. This isn’t a common source of heel pain, but it is a significant one because it can often be mistaken for plantar fasciitis and other reasons. Often it is easy to identify as there is just virtually no cushioning under the heel and you will easily feel the heel bone.

The causes of fat pad atrophy are certainly not completely clear. The fat pad does atrophy with age naturally and in many it just wastes away more at a quicker rate. A number of people just seem to get this while others do not. It’s not related to bodyweight concerns. It may happen in a number of rheumatological problems and athletes as a result of many years of beating on the heel could very well be at a higher risk this condition. Individuals with a higher arched foot (pes cavus) will also get a shifting of this fat pad which will give a comparable issue to the atrophy.

The only method to treat fat pad atrophy is usually to replace the fat or substitute for the fat. This can be inserted in operatively or a cushioning heel pad in the shoes used that features a equivalent consistency to the atrophied fat pad. Cushioned footwear can also be used without or with extra cushioning. Operatively this could be an injectable fillers or perhaps an autograft using your own fat cells.